Identify The Symptoms of Vision Problems Due To Diabetes

It is true that some people with diabetes experience some form of vision problems, but that does not mean that you are going to lose your sight. According to medical experts, the majority of people with diabetes have minor, if any, problems with their eyes. Do not worry yourself sick over it, and make sure that you have an annual dilated eye exam. Be proactive, and chances are that you will be fine. The earlier you notice you are having eye problems, the better chance you have of preserving your vision.

Sometimes increased blood sugar levels can cause blurred vision by swelling the lens of your eye. It is easily corrected by getting your blood sugar level down to 90 to 130 milligrams per deciliter before eating and below180 milligrams per deciliter one to two hours after a meal. Once your blood sugar is regulated, it may take up to three months for normal vision to return.

While blurred vision is often related to elevated blood sugar levels, it could be caused by more serious vision problems, and an ophthalmologist should examine you to determine the cause.

Cataracts and Diabetes

Cataracts cause the eyes to become clouded over, blocking the light and impairing vision, and are one of the most common vision problems associated with diabetes. Anyone can develop cataracts, although diabetics tend to develop them younger than non-diabetics and the disease progresses more quickly among diabetics.

Surgery, including a lens transplant, is the usual prescribed treatment. A good preventive measure is to wear sunglasses, preferably with glare-control lenses, whenever you are outdoors.

The Causes and Treatment of Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a condition where fluid resulting from pressure in your eye is not draining properly, causing damage to the retina and nerves. The most common form of glaucoma frequently shows no symptoms until it has become well advanced and serious vision loss occurs. In its less common form, glaucoma may cause headaches, a throbbing pain in the eyes, visible halos around lights, or excessive watering of the eyes.

Diabetics have an increased risk of developing glaucoma, which is treated with special eye drops or laser surgery. An annual vision screening is one of the best ways that you can prevent serious vision problems from glaucoma.

Your Blood Sugar Level and Retinopathy

Blood Sugar Level and RetinopathyIf you have had diabetes for a long while, or had problems keeping your blood glucose or blood pressure under control, you may be at risk for retinopathy. This damages the blood vessels at the rear of the eye. Diabetic retinopathy is one of the main complications that can lead to irreversible blindness. The good new is that it is avoidable with early diagnosis and treatment.

Retinopathy is a long-term condition that usually takes at least 5 years to develop among type 1 diabetes patients. Well-controlled blood sugar levels can decrease your risk of retinopathy up to 75 percent, according to medical researchers.

Type 2 diabetes patients most likely already have eye problems by the time of diagnosis. Maintaining blood sugar, blood pressure and blood cholesterol at acceptable levels can slow the progress of retinopathy in these patients.

Prevention of Diabetes-Related Eye Problems

Similar to the diligence of monitoring blood sugar levels, diabetics should carefully monitor their eye health. Recommendations for optimum eye health include:

  • Type 1 diabetes patients should have a dilated eye examination within three to five years of diagnosis.
  • For type 2 diabetes, a dilated eye examination should be done soon after diagnosis.
  • Although eye exams are often recommend every two years, diabetics should have yearly examinations
  • Pregnant women, or women who may become pregnant, should have an eye examination before and during pregnancy.
  • See your doctor if you experience blurred vision, black spots, flashes of light, or “holes” in your vision.

 

 

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