Recognize The Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes

The signs and symptoms of diabetes are generally easy to identify, but some people still miss them. Part of the reason for this is that they sometimes look like numerous other conditions. In addition, while they all share many of the same symptoms, the different types of diabetes also have differences in how they manifest themselves.

Markers of Diabetes

Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes

Some of the most recognizable markers of this disease in people, regardless of type of diabetes are:

  • Frequent urination
  • Constant thirst
  • Weight loss
  • Extreme hunger
  • Fatigue and tiredness

Type 2 of the condition in addition to any or all of the signs and symptoms of diabetes listed above, include:

  • Vision problems such as blurriness
  • Tingling in toes and fingers
  • Frequent infections
  • Cuts that do not heal quickly

When it comes to gestational diabetes which only affects pregnant women as the name suggests, the symptoms, if any, tend to be:

  • Gaining weight quickly
  • Increased frequency of vaginal infections ·
  • Dry mouth
  • Nausea

This type tends to affect non-diabetic women and generally disappears after they give birth. Unlike other types of the disease, this type is easily misdiagnosed since frequent urination, thirst and hunger can be signs of pregnancy itself. However, some women if they do not continue to eat a balanced meal and exercise, may develop type 2 diabetes later in life.

Knowing the Risk Factors

Knowing the Risk Factors

Once the risk factors are known, it becomes easier to recognize the signs and symptoms of diabetes quickly. Some of the risk factors for the disease are:

  • Being overweight is a main contributing factor for developing the condition in all types of the disease. This is especially true for type 2, which affects mostly adults but is increasingly diagnosed in children as well. This is related to developing and practicing unhealthy dietary practices since unhealthy eating habits often causes obesity.
  • Inactivity is a factor. Studies have shown that that people who lead a sedentary lifestyle are much more likely to develop the condition than active people.

“Sandra was a software developer and she used to spend a big part of  her day sitting in front of desktop working for her company. At the age  of 23 she gained about 10 kilograms. It was an alarm that she ignored.

After a year, while her regular checkup she came to know that she has developed type-2 diabetes. Her doctor told  her that the continuous sitting and the sudden weight gain are the main reasons for her disease.”

  • Genetics is also an indicator of who may develop this disease. Having a close family member with the condition is a major factor.
  • African Americans, Native Americans and Hispanics tend to have a higher incidence of the condition.
  • Aging also plays a role in developing the condition even if the person is slim. Part of the reason for this is that our organs also age, which means the pancreas, which is responsible for controlling insulin, also slows down and does not work as well as it should.

While age also plays a role in some types of the condition, for women over 30, the risk of developing gestational diabetes also increases. Having other health conditions can also be a risk factor for developing Type 2 diabetes. For example, the data shows that people with hypertension or high blood pressure frequently have diabetes. This is partially a result of impaired functioning of many organs as well as having other medical conditions impacts the ability to exercise for many people.

People with all or some of the risk factors should be conscious of the signs and symptoms of diabetes. For many people who have been diagnosed with the condition, it was only found after tests for other conditions were being done. It makes sense for people with the risk factors to periodically request a glucose tolerance test, since it is easy to do.

Early diagnosis results in better care and control of the condition, allowing diabetics to enjoy life. As soon as you see any of the signs and symptoms of diabetes, it makes sense to visit a healthcare professional for a diagnosis. While this may well rule out the condition, it is always better to be safe than sorry especially when it comes to your health. This disease is not a death sentence, however vigilance is needed to spot it early and take corrective action.

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