Recognize The Causes Of Diabetes

A diagnosis of diabetes immediately causes most to think about recognizing the causes of diabetes. They may also ask how to control and successfully treat diabetes. With incidences of diabetes rates rapidly escalating in the U.S., as well as Great Britain and Australia, discovering and understanding the origin of diabetes facilitates creation of better medications to treat a potentially debilitating disease.

What Is Diabetes — The Process

What Causes Diabetes

Diagnostically referred to as diabetes mellitus, diabetes is fundamentally a metabolic disorder affecting digestive processes involved in the absorption and use of food for growth and energy. Normally food, once eaten, is converted to glucose by stomach enzymes and sent into the bloodstream. Cells gobble this glucose as long as insulin is available to facilitate this process. Without insulin, glucose cannot enter cells, causing glucose to accumulate in the blood. As a result, hyperglycemia develops and symptoms of diabetes begin affecting the person whose body does not carry sufficient amounts of insulin.

Insulin Resistance

Further details regarding the answer to what causes diabetes lies in a condition called insulin resistance. When cells do not respond to insulin anymore and refuse to absorb this sugar, blood glucose levels continue to rise unabated. However, the pancreas, which produces and excretes insulin, will continue to create insulin until blood glucose decreases. When insulin resistant cells exist, glucose will keep accumulating in the blood and the pancreas will keep pumping out insulin. The consequence of this vicious circle is diabetes.

Watch the video and understand what the insulin resistance is and what you can do about it

Other Possible Causes of Diabetes

Depending on an individuals’ particular body chemistry, it is possible that diabetic conditions can be provoked by a variety of foods, medication or other substances. People often wonder, in addition to what causes diabetes, if other specific elements may instigate a state of having no insulin, that is, Type I diabetes, or not enough insulin, that is, Type II diabetes, to allow cell absorption of glucose.

For example:

What Causes Diabetes Symptoms?

What Causes Diabetes Symptoms?

Symptoms of diabetes are the same regardless if someone is diagnosed with Type I, Type II or gestational diabetes, the kind that develops during pregnancy. Basic symptoms are:

  • Frequent urination
  • Being thirsty all the time
  • Being hungry all the time
  • Abnormal weight gain or loss
  • Vision difficulties
  • Wounds that do not heal in a timely manner
  • Gum disease
  • Tingling and numbness in extremities

These symptoms are occur because the body needs energy, that is hunger, because the body is attempting to eliminate excess sugar through thirst and urination and because the immune system is overwhelmed by a high-sugar environment that is highly conducive for bacteria and fungal proliferation. This is why cuts do not heal and oral bacteria go on a rampage in the mouth.

Treatment for Diabetes

Diabetes is not curable but usually responds well to treatments that include diet, exercise and medication. Individuals suffering from Type I diabetes need regular insulin injections as well as special diets. Those with Type II diabetes can usually treat with oral medication and adherence to a diabetic diet. However, when a diabetic fails to follow the program, dangerous complications can and will develop, such as ketoacidosis, hypoglycemia and nonketotic hyperosmolar coma. Without proper expedited care, these conditions may result in death.

While doctors know what causes diabetes and how to effectively control long-term problems, researchers are constantly working on better treatment methods, so that diabetics will be able to live long and healthy lives without having to worry about serious medical issues arising as a result of this disease.

More about what causes diabetes:

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