Protect Yourself From Diabetic Foot Ulcers

Diabetics are commonly affected by diabetic foot ulcers for several reasons, mostly concerning peripheral neuropathy resulting from poor circulation and nerve damage created by high blood glucose levels. It is easy for diabetics to suffer from nerve damage to the feet and not be aware of it, because the damage is often painless due to numbness or reduced feeling in the feet.

Diabetic Foot UlcersIn addition, those who have experienced partial vision loss due to diabetes may not be able to see the ulcer until it is too late, when it has already developed into a serious infection. Without proper and timely foot ulcers treatment, a diabetic’s ulcerous foot could become gangrenous and need amputation.

What is a Foot Ulcer?

Diabetic foot ulcers always emerge on the soles of the feet in areas where the skin is subject to an extreme amount of pressure. Essentially, the skin deteriorates under this pressure and becomes an open sore. Frequently, these ulcers form underneath calluses or corns and cannot be felt or seen by the diabetic.

A doctor should be seen immediately if someone with diabetes has any of these symptoms resulting from a foot blister, cut or other type of wound:

  • Swelling, redness and warmth around the foot ulcers
  • Pus that has a foul odor seeping from the wound
  • Fever, chills, malaise
  • Pain and firmness when the wound is touched

In order to determine whether a diabetic is suffering from a foot ulcer, a doctor will have to debride the wound. This foot ulcer treatment removes any dead tissue around the wound by initially probing the wound to determine the size of the possible ulcer and applying special cleaning enzymes to dissolve dead skin and tissue. Some doctors may use a type of cleansing whirlpool bath to eliminate dead skin as well.

Diabetic Foot Ulceration Treatment

Diabetic Foot UlcerationCaring for diabetic foot ulcers involves several important steps:

  • Keeping the ulcer dry and covered with a clean bandage
  • Maintaining proper glucose levels to facilitate healing
  • Cleaning the ulcer each day with appropriate chemicals
  • Avoiding excessive walking on the ulcerated foot
  • Avoiding going barefoot unless your physician says you can
  • Wearing loose-fitting shoes made of soft suede or leather with laces or Velcro fasteners
  • Wearing socks containing extra padding for added protection

Ulcers are slow to heal, but definite improvement should be seen within a week. Any worsening of the ulcer needs to be re-evaluated by a doctor to prevent possible complications, as diabetics are vulnerable to severe infections.

Preventative Foot Ulcer Care

Diabetics should perform preventative foot care every other day by washing feet thoroughly with mild soap and warm water. Completely dry the feet, making sure to remove all moisture lying between toes. If you have dry skin on your feet, use Vaseline or lotion to soothe them, but do not put any moisturizer between the toes where dampness often remains that may cause fungal infections promoting diabetic foot ulcers.

Keeping toenails trimmed is important to preventing long and sharp toenails from cutting the skin. Any callus or corn should also be quickly removed either by a physician or by using a pumice stone. Pumice stones are volcanic rocks possessing slightly rough textures that are effective skin exfoliaters. Before gently rubbing a pumice stone over a corn or callus, soak the foot in warm water to soften the thickened skin. Do not attempt to cut off or shave a callus as skin wounds may occur, which facilitates ulcer formation.

There are million people suffers from diabetic foot ulcers problems. Watch this video Below and know the treatments about foot ulcer :

Although the best preventive measure to take in avoiding issues with diabetic foot ulcers is consistent maintenance of blood glucose levels, adhering to a diabetic diet, exercising and not smoking also enhance your body’s ability to fight infection and prevent serious problems with skin infections.

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