Identify Your Diabetes Types

Most people will know the two main diabetes types, simply called Type I and Type II, but at least three more varieties occur. The symptoms can be fairly similar and will affect different segments of the population. The most common type is Type II, which affects over fifteen million Americans, with more and more being diagnosed every year. Type I diabetes affects around two million, while the other key types total around two million people.

Type I Diabetes

Diabetes Types

People under the age of 18 are most likely to be affected by Type I diabetes. This tends to be the hereditary form of diabetes, and is caused by the body’s own immune system wiping out the cells in the pancreas that are responsible for creating insulin. Babies will not be born with the disease, but they can be born with a high predisposition to Type I. Research indicates that a virus that affects the child’s immune system at a young age can trigger the destruction of the pancreatic cells.

Like most diabetes types, Type I diabetes is non-fatal and nearly all sufferers lead long and healthy lives. You will need to be strict with your diet, exercise levels and blood sugar monitoring. The main difference is that you need an insulin injector with you at all times, as this will be the only way in which you can get insulin into your system.

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease, Watch the video below to know about this.

Type II Diabetes

Despite affecting over five percent of the population, people will still ask, “what is Type II diabetes?” It is the most common of the diabetes types, as environmental factors such as smoking, low activity levels and a high-sugar diet cause it. It can run in families, but it is also common for one individual in a family to get it while other family members retain normal blood sugar levels.

The main difference between Type I and Type II diabetes is that people with Type II diabetes actually produce insulin themselves but often in very small quantities, or their bodies do not recognize or process insulin in the normal way. A typical diagnosis of Type II diabetes will be based on blood sugar testing after you have fasted for at least 8 hours. Your doctor will be able to recommend the best diabetes test for you, as your blood sugar levels will depend on your height, weight and activity levels.

Again, because Type II is the most common of all the diabetes types, plenty of information and advice is available. Most of it will ask you to be careful with your diet and to increase your exercise levels. You can also take medicines that will help your body process insulin correctly or produce more insulin.

Other Diabetes Types

Beyond Type I and II diabetes, some rare forms of diabetes exist. All of these are non-fatal, but it is important to get the right diagnosis so you get the right treatment. A few examples include:

  • Gestational diabetes – Contracted solely by pregnant women who have their production of insulin interrupted by increased hormone levels. In most cases, this disappears once the baby is born, but can leave you more susceptible to Type II diabetes.
  • Brittle diabetes – Known as uncontrolled Type I diabetes. The main symptoms include massive blood sugar level changes in short periods. Brittle diabetes affects mainly people with stress or depression, partly through the change in hormones this produces and in part due to the changes in diet that comes with these difficulties.
  • Type 3 diabetes – The newest of the diabetes types refers to the amount of insulin produced by the brain instead of the pancreas. People with type 3 diabetes produce lower amounts of insulin in their brains. Symptoms include confusion and memory loss, which makes it hard to diagnose in older patients. While it affects only a very small percentage of diabetes sufferers, diagnosis is currently only by an MRI scan.

More about Diabetes Types

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