Identify The Juvenile Diabetes Symptoms

Known as type 1 diabetes symptoms, juvenile diabetes symptoms most frequently occur in children and adolescents, but can afflict individuals at any age. Initial signs that someone may be suffering from type 1 diabetes include:

Juvenile Diabetes Symptoms

  • Extreme and sometimes unquenchable thirst
  • Urinating more than usual
  • Increased appetite
  • Overwhelming fatigue
  • Inexplicable weight loss
  • Wounds that do not heal normally
  • Itchy, dry, scaly skin
  • Headache and nausea
  • Tingling in extremities, especially the feet
  • Vision difficulties
  • Amenorrhea in teenage girls

When children develop type 1 diabetes, they may exhibit other symptoms that teenagers and young adults may not, such as crankiness, whining and throwing tantrums. Parents should also be aware that the first symptom of type 1 diabetes might be sudden incidences of bedwetting when previously the child had not experienced any problems with getting up to urinate in the middle of the night. In addition, prepubescent girls who develop vaginal yeast infections need testing for diabetes, as excess blood glucose produces a fertile breeding ground for the Candida bacteria.

Juvenile diabetes symptoms are the result of interplay among genetics, diet and level of physical activity. Some children carrying the genes for type 1 diabetes may never develop the disease because these “triggers” that are partly responsible for instigating the diabetes are not present in their lives. Research into the heritability of juvenile diabetes indicates that the risk of someone eventually suffering from type 1 diabetes is around four percent if his or her mother has the genes. However, it is six percent higher if the father carries diabetes genes.

Possible Viral Cause

Possible Viral CauseIn addition to genetics and environment, scientists have suggested that a virus, possibly Epstein-Barr, mumps or the Coxsackie virus, may induce a severe autoimmune response resulting in infection and damage to pancreatic beta cells responsible for insulin production. When this medical condition occurs, the body cannot access sufficient amounts of insulin to facilitate use of glucose by cells for energy. The resulting imbalance causes juvenile diabetes symptoms as well as potential complications if not treated in a timely manner. Long-term health problems directly related to untreated type 1 diabetes include:

  • Blood vessel and heart disease such as heart attack, atherosclerosis, stroke and hypertension
  • Neuropathic disorders as excess glucose will deteriorate capillary walls, eventually making it impossible for blood to flow into hands and feet. Unless sugar levels are controlled, numbness and tingling may permanently affect extremities.
  • Kidney disease
  • Retinopathy
  • Osteoporosis

Other theories for the development of juvenile diabetes concerns insufficient levels of vitamin D and nitrate-rich drinking water, both of which may heighten the chance of triggering diabetic genes. Some research further suggests that women who gave birth before the age of 25 or suffered preeclampsia during the pregnancy may produce children more vulnerable to experiencing juvenile diabetes symptoms.

Testing for Type 1 Diabetes

Doctors suspecting someone of having type 1 diabetes will administer several tests to determine if the disease exists. The most common type of test is the fasting glucose blood test, which measures blood glucose after the individuals has not eaten anything for at least eight hours.

If additional testing is suggested, the A1c, or hemoglobin A1c test is given which reveals the average glucose level over a period of two to three months. According to the University of California San Francisco Benioff Children’s Hospital website, normal glucose levels for children from six to 12 are between 90 and 180 mg/dl. Adolescents who are 12 to 17 years old need to have levels between 90 and 130 mg/dl. Children who are six years or younger have normal glucose levels when presenting numbers between 100 to 180 mg/dl.

Fortunately, treatment with insulin injections or tablets effectively reverses the high glucose levels in those with type 1 diabetes and adequately prevents these diseases from affecting those with juvenile diabetes symptoms. Children as well as adults who are diagnosed with type 1 diabetes can live long and healthy lives as long as blood sugar is maintained at normal levels.



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