Diabetes Test Kit

A diabetes test kit gives diabetics a tool to monitor their sugar levels outside the hospital as the test kit is designed to help diabetics monitor their glucose levels on their own, thereby empowering them in the management of their diseases. The test kits that are available either use blood or urine as a medium for checking the blood sugar level.

Checking sugar levels is very important for a diabetic as it helps in the management of diabetes over the course of the day. The common danger of diabetics is in never knowing when their sugar level has spiked or dropped causing episodes of hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia, which are dangerous and could be fatal, so the advantages of a diabetes test kit include:

  • Daily monitoring – This identifies the pattern of the sugar level, whether it is controlled or erratic.
  • Cost effective – Laboratory tests for checking sugar levels can be expensive if done on a daily basis, whereas a test kit is used at home multiple times.
  • Insulin or OHA dose regulation – Monitoring the sugar level on a daily basis at home will help the doctor regulate or adjust the insulin dosage or oral hypoglycemic agent (OHA). Recording the blood sugar levels during the course of the day in a separate notebook will identify any patterns.
  • Early detection – The symptoms of hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia can be misleading to those who are not knowledgeable. When a diabetic starts to show symptoms of hypo- or hyperglycemia such as change in behavior, change in level of consciousness or cold and clammy skin, his or her sugar should be checked immediately. Immediate detection also means immediate treatment, preventing the complications of hypo- and hyperglycemia.
  • Empowerment – Monitoring sugar levels at home empowers the diabetic, giving him or her control over management of the condition. Many diabetics suffer from being dependent on a doctor or caregiver, but a home diabetes test kit is one the diabetic can do by himself or herself.

Test Kits

Test Kits

You have a choice regarding the type of test kit to purchase and suggestions from your health care professional can guide you:

  • Glucometer – This quantitative test provides a numerical value for blood sugar levels. The kit is usually composed of a reading meter, a lancet and strips. The common method of obtaining a blood sample for this test is pricking the finger with the lancet. You place the blood on the strip, which goes into the meter where the display will show the numerical blood glucose reading of the individual.
  • Urine test kit – This qualitative test uses urine as its medium for checking sugar levels as diabetics pass glucose through urine often due to the impaired ability of the kidney’s filtration system. A diabetic tests the urine in the second urination of the day, which should be at least 30 minutes or more after the first elimination and before breakfast. This diabetes test kit is composed of a strip, on which the diabetic urinates and then waits several minutes to check for color change. If the strip changes color, the urine is positive for sugar, but if the color remains the same, the result is negative.
  • Ketone test – This qualitative test measures the presence of ketones in the urine. When urine is positive with ketones, the body is using fat as its energy source rather than glucose. Diabetics with constant elevated blood sugar levels should check for urine ketones and the testing process is similar to the urine testing kit for sugar.

You can purchase a test kit in pharmacies and you do not need a prescription, however, before choosing which testing kit to buy, consult a doctor who will also advise how frequently you should test your blood. The best way to prevent complications and death from diabetes is through monitoring sugar levels and treating them accordingly. A diabetes test kit should be present in every diabetic’s home, purse or briefcase as wherever the diabetic goes, a test kit should be with them.

 

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