Learn The Facts About Diabetes Insipidus Treatment

Decreasing the amount of urine output is the main goal of diabetes insipidus treatment. Several types of diabetes insipidus exist, which determines the kind of medication a physician prescribes to a patient. Symptoms of this disease resemble diabetes mellitus symptoms with the only difference revolving around the absence of hyperglycemia. As a result, some standard diabetes symptoms such as blurred vision or weight gain is not seen in those diagnosed with diabetes insipidus.

Symptoms of Diabetes Insipidus

The symptoms of diabetes insipidus are:

  • Experiencing constant and extreme thirst that may be almost uncontrollable
  • Passing excessive amounts of urine
  • A general “unwell” feeling due to the disease and disruptions in sleep patterns

Dehydration symptoms may coincide with diabetes insipidus as well and include:

  • Dry skin
  • Fever
  • Rapid heart beat
  • Eyes appearing “sunken”
  • Headache
  • Lethargy
  • Muscle aches and pains

To diagnose accurately this type of diabetes, blood tests analyzing glucose, calcium, electrolyte and bicarbonate blood levels determine whether dehydration exists as well as problems with antidiuretic hormone (ADH) production. ADH is responsible for facilitating absorption of water by the kidneys.

Also referred to as vasopressin, ADH benefits the permeability of tissues which, when ADH lacking in the body, can aggravate peripheral vascular resistance directly inducing high blood pressure. ADH also helps regulate salt, water and glucose while playing a vital role in human bonding and social behavior as a brain hormone.

Diabetes Insipidus Treatment

Central diabetes insipidus, or the kind resulting from insufficient amounts of ADH, requires treatment with desmopressin. A synthetic hormone given in pill form, nasal spray or as an injection, desmopressin decreases urine output by inhibiting kidney fluid production. However, desmopressin will not work if an individual’s diabetes stems from abnormally functioning hypothalamus or pituitary glands.

If a patient suffers from a mild case of this kind of diabetes insipidus, a physician may instruct a patient to simply increase the amount of water drank each day. To maintain good levels of hydration in those with slightly lower levels of ADH, doctors frequently recommend drinking about two to two and a half quarts of water a day.

Watch the video below and find the right information about Diabetes Insipidus treatment & symptoms

Diabetes Insipidus Treatment for Nephrogenic Diabetes

Treatment for Nephrogenic DiabetesThis condition occurs in people who have sufficient levels of ADH but whose kidneys do not respond to ADH. As a result, desmopressin will not help this type of diabetes insipidus. Instead, a doctor will suggest consuming a low-sodium diet that reduces urine production in addition to drinking plenty of water to prevent dehydration. Sometimes physicians prescribe hydrochlorothiazide for those with nephrogenic diabetes insipidus.

Although hydrochlorothiazide is a diuretic, it occasionally initiates the opposite affect in some people who suffer from this form of diabetes. In addition, some instances of nephrogenic diabetes insipidus occur due to medications such as lithium for bi-polar disorder. However, stopping the medication may not alleviate the condition as long-term use of medications like lithium can produce permanent damage to ADH absorption by kidneys.

Pregnant women may also develop gestational diabetes insipidus due to enzyme actions produced by placental material that actually eliminates ADH levels in the mother. Diabetes insipidus treatment for gestational diabetes insipidus involves the use of desmopressin nasal inhalers until the pregnancy is over and ADH levels stabilize.

Dipsogenic Diabetes Insipidus

A rare form of diabetes insipidus, dipsogenic diabetes insipidus is brain-related, affecting the area of the brain that regulates the intensity of thirst, namely the hypothalamus. This disorder cannot be treated with desmopressin because the hormone is unable to override signals from the hypothalamus telling an individual to drink more water.

As a result, water intoxication may affect people suffering from dipsogenic diabetes insipidus, causing symptoms such as appetite loss, nausea, fatigue and headache. Unless treated in a timely manner, individuals experiencing water intoxication may develop further damage to the brain due to excessive sodium levels.

Although diabetes insipidus is relatively uncommon, the need for immediate diabetes insipidus treatment is vital to preventing complications that can potentially produce life-threatening conditions.

Related News in:

1. Use of Antihypotensive Medications in Shock Patients

 

Return to Treatment of Diabetes

The material in this site is provided for general educational purposes. It is not intended to constitute medical advice, probable diagnosis, or recommended treatments. Please see Legal & Policies and Privacy Policy for more information.lhwd.net and other related sites have the mission to provide real value to you. We believe in giving before even asking for anything in return, and we do our best to accomplish it. Read more.Copyright © 2017 lhwd.net. All rights reserved.