Dangerous Blood Sugar Levels

In diabetics, dangerous blood sugar levels can occur if oral drugs do not work or if the diabetes has not been diagnosed. Sometimes diabetics forget to take their oral tablets or insulin or are in a situation where they cannot or they even may be taking some medications, which adversely affect their sugar levels. At such times, their sugar levels can go very high or even low.

Blood Sugar Levels

Dangerous Blood Sugar Levels

Normal blood sugar levels read 70-100 mg per deciliter of blood. The sugar levels vary throughout the day: when you wake up in the morning your levels are low and when you eat a carbohydrate/sugar rich meal, levels can go up. If you experience the mid-morning slump, your sugar levels are probably low. The highest level is reached two hours after a meal.

Hyperglycemia or high blood sugar levels in a diabetic start at 180 mg/dl. However, some people, especially those who have undiagnosed diabetes can have dangerous blood sugar levels in the range of over 250-800 mg/dl. It is not just a short time high level that is dangerous, but when high levels persist or are dangerously high, they can cause more problems and even lead to emergency situations.

Dangerous levels can lead to:

  • Coma
  • Stroke
  • Blindness
  • Nerve damage
  • Blood vessel damage
  • Kidney disease
  • DKA or diabetic ketoacidosis – more common in people with type 1 diabetes
  • Hyperglycemic hyperosmolar nonketotic syndrome (HHNS) – more common in people with type 2 diabetes.

For diabetics, monitoring sugar levels are of utmost importance and can prevent dangerous complications.

What Causes Dangerous Blood Sugar Levels?

What Causes Dangerous Blood Sugar Levels?

Blood sugar levels can go high in different situations and can be caused by:

  • Not taking enough insulin
  • Eating too much high sugar/carbohydrate foods
  • Missing an insulin dose
  • Less than usual exercise
  • Drinking alcohol
  • Stress
  • Illness
  • Injury
  • Medications, including cortisone and many other commonly used drugs

It is very important to take food and medicine in the right combination so that you can balance the insulin and sugar levels. When taking any medications make sure you tell your doctor about your diabetes and history of sugar levels.

Varied Levels For Different People

Normal fasting blood glucose levels are 70-100 mg/dl; if fasting blood levels are over 101-125 mg/dl, they indicate pre-diabetes and over 125 mg/dl indicate diabetes. Blood sugar levels vary depending on the age and health of the person. Other factors that can influence sugar levels include:

  • Decreased thyroid hormone
  • Stress that releases adrenaline that affects blood sugar
  • Liver disease
  • Addison’s disease
  • Tumor on the pituitary gland
  • Anorexia
  • Lactation

Your blood sugar levels will be different from another diabetic’s whose insulin requirements are lower or higher than yours. The disease also causes greater fluctuations in levels during the day, depending on how much insulin or oral drugs you take, how much food you eat and your physical activity levels.

Lowering Dangerous Blood Sugar Levels Quickly and Safely

Some actions you can take to lower your levels quickly:

  • Drink water or sugar-free, caffeine-free beverages – drinking more water flushes out the excess sugar.
  • Exercise – burns up the excess sugar.
  • Take your diabetes medicine if you have skipped your dose.
  • Relax and reduce your stress levels.

It is always better to be very careful in taking your medications properly, watching your diet and doing enough exercise. Other natural ways of lowering blood sugar levels are taking

  • Chia seeds
  • Salacia, an ayurvedic herb
  • Olive leaf extract
  • Silymarin milk thistle
  • Cinnamon
  • Low glycemic foods
  • High fiber foods
  • Losing excess weight

When taking alternative or natural remedies along with allopathic medicines, it is a good idea to monitor your sugar levels more often and avoid dangerous blood sugar levels in the first place.

 

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