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Learn The Facts About Diabetes Infantil

French for “childhood diabetes,” diabetes infantil, particularly type 1 diabetes, is one of the most common metabolic disorders primarily affecting children between the ages of six and 16. Incidences of childhood diabetes have been steadily increasing over the past 20 years, with an average yearly increase of three percent. Researchers suggest that several variables may be directly promoting this increase, especially the worldwide prevalence of a high fat, Western-type diet, socioeconomic factors and psychosocial influences.

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Type 1 Diabetes Facts

Diabetes Infantil

Facts about type 1 diabetes as it pertains to diabetes infantil include:

  • Nearly 95 percent of children under 16 years old with diabetes have type 1 diabetes.
  • Pancreatic insulin production is nonexistent in children with type 1 diabetes because cells necessary in the creation of insulin have been eliminated.
  • Diabetes is an autoimmune disease, causing the body to mistakenly attack its own organs and tissues.
  • Most children who develop diabetes do not have family members with diabetes.
  • Adolescents suffering from type 1 diabetes have high rates of depression, anxiety and eating disorders.
  • In addition to typical symptoms of diabetes including fatigue, extreme thirst, weight loss and frequent urination, children may also complain of stomachaches and headaches and exhibit problem behaviors.
  • Insulin is the method of treatment most of the time, with rapid-acting insulin dosages used during the day and slower ones at night.
  • Diabetes infantil can develop in children as young as one year old, although it is generally not seen until children are around five or six years old.
  • Possible risk factors for suffering from diabetes in childhood include the presence of “diabetes” genes that are triggered by obesity, unhealthy diet and sedentary lifestyle; exposure to certain viruses as such mumps, Epstein-Barr and coxsackie virus and insufficient amounts of dietary vitamin D.
  • Each year in the U.S., around 15,000 children are diagnosed with diabetes. with that number expected to increase within the next decade.

Complications potentially affecting children who do not receive treatment for dysregulated blood glucose levels are:

  • Damage to kidneys, nerves, heart, eyes and blood vessels
  • Gangrene of the extremities, especially the feet, due to inhibited blood flow and infections of untreated wounds
  • Fungal skin infections, a common problem in children with diabetes because diabetes compromises immune system functioning
  • The potential risk of developing osteoporosis as older adults

When a proper diet is not followed or insulin injections are not given, unexpected drops or spikes in blood glucose level results in any one of three severe conditions:

  • Hypoglycemia
  • Diabetic ketoacidosis, a combination of dehydration, shock and hyperglycemia
  • Hyperosmolar nonketotic coma, an consequence of extreme dehydration and hyperglycemia

Taking Care of Children With Diabetes

Diabetes Infantil

Young children with diabetes need constant monitoring regarding meals, medication and physical activity. Doctors recommend children be given three meals a day, with an additional two or three appropriate snacks spread out between meals to maintain a healthy blood glucose level. The amount of food diabetic children need to eat will depend on their weight and age.

Getting daily physical activity is vital to diabetic children. Playing outside, riding bicycles and engaging in sports are excellent ways to prevent hyperglycemia, control weight and enhance blood circulation to extremities. Older children who develop diabetes can be taught methods to treat their condition as well as learn how to give themselves injections if necessary.

What Can Parents Do

Parents of children with diabetes infantil can help their diabetic son or daughter by learning all they can about childhood diabetes and by remaining vigilant about monitoring their child’s glucose levels. In addition, parents need to be aware of the symptoms of hyper-or hypoglycemia and always have ready access to sugar tablets or sugary foods in the event the child experiences a sudden drop in glucose. Joining a support group comprised of other parents with diabetic children can also assist in dealing with the many problems and questions associated with raising a diabetic child.

 

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Identify Your Diabetes Types

Most people will know the two main diabetes types, simply called Type I and Type II, but at least three more varieties occur. The symptoms can be fairly similar and will affect different segments of the population. The most common type is Type II, which affects over fifteen million Americans, with more and more being diagnosed every year. Type I diabetes affects around two million, while the other key types total around two million people.

Type I Diabetes

Diabetes Types

People under the age of 18 are most likely to be affected by Type I diabetes. This tends to be the hereditary form of diabetes, and is caused by the body’s own immune system wiping out the cells in the pancreas that are responsible for creating insulin. Babies will not be born with the disease, but they can be born with a high predisposition to Type I. Research indicates that a virus that affects the child’s immune system at a young age can trigger the destruction of the pancreatic cells.

Like most diabetes types, Type I diabetes is non-fatal and nearly all sufferers lead long and healthy lives. You will need to be strict with your diet, exercise levels and blood sugar monitoring. The main difference is that you need an insulin injector with you at all times, as this will be the only way in which you can get insulin into your system.

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease, Watch the video below to know about this.

Type II Diabetes

Despite affecting over five percent of the population, people will still ask, “what is Type II diabetes?” It is the most common of the diabetes types, as environmental factors such as smoking, low activity levels and a high-sugar diet cause it. It can run in families, but it is also common for one individual in a family to get it while other family members retain normal blood sugar levels.

The main difference between Type I and Type II diabetes is that people with Type II diabetes actually produce insulin themselves but often in very small quantities, or their bodies do not recognize or process insulin in the normal way. A typical diagnosis of Type II diabetes will be based on blood sugar testing after you have fasted for at least 8 hours. Your doctor will be able to recommend the best diabetes test for you, as your blood sugar levels will depend on your height, weight and activity levels.

Again, because Type II is the most common of all the diabetes types, plenty of information and advice is available. Most of it will ask you to be careful with your diet and to increase your exercise levels. You can also take medicines that will help your body process insulin correctly or produce more insulin.

Other Diabetes Types

Beyond Type I and II diabetes, some rare forms of diabetes exist. All of these are non-fatal, but it is important to get the right diagnosis so you get the right treatment. A few examples include:

  • Gestational diabetes – Contracted solely by pregnant women who have their production of insulin interrupted by increased hormone levels. In most cases, this disappears once the baby is born, but can leave you more susceptible to Type II diabetes.
  • Brittle diabetes – Known as uncontrolled Type I diabetes. The main symptoms include massive blood sugar level changes in short periods. Brittle diabetes affects mainly people with stress or depression, partly through the change in hormones this produces and in part due to the changes in diet that comes with these difficulties.
  • Type 3 diabetes – The newest of the diabetes types refers to the amount of insulin produced by the brain instead of the pancreas. People with type 3 diabetes produce lower amounts of insulin in their brains. Symptoms include confusion and memory loss, which makes it hard to diagnose in older patients. While it affects only a very small percentage of diabetes sufferers, diagnosis is currently only by an MRI scan.

More about Diabetes Types

Identify The Interface Between Carbohydrates And Diabetes

Learning about the interaction between carbohydrates and diabetes helps a diabetic control blood glucose levels and avoid potentially serious complications resulting from uncontrolled diabetes. Simple carbohydrates are monosaccharides found in certain foods containing fructose, glucose and galactose, while disaccharide carbohydrates are obtained through consumption of lactose, maltose and sucrose-containing foods.

Carbohydrates and DiabetesComplex carbohydrates, or polysaccharides, represent starches, fiber and glycogen. Since all carbohydrates must be converted or hydrolyzed into a monosaccharide type of carbohydrate before the body can utilize them for energy, complex carbohydrates do not cause a diabetic’s blood glucose level to rise as fast as simple carbohydrates do. This is why eating a candy bar will elevate glucose levels faster than eating a complex carb such as a potato.

A pancreatic enzyme called amylase breaks down all carbohydrates into glucose as these substances travel through and are absorbed by the small intestines. Immediately after the conversion of carbohydrates into glucose, the blood soaks up this substance and sends any extra glucose to the liver. Excess glucose is kept in the liver where it is converted to glycogen, galactose and fructose.

Diabetics keep an elevated level of glucose in the blood because cells cannot absorb enough insulin to facilitate utilization of this glucose. As a result, the liver becomes stressed due to attempting to keep up with this overload of glucose, neglecting its other duties, which cause complications in other physiological systems. Carbohydrates and diabetes management is therefore a vital component in a diabetic’s overall maintenance program of diet, exercise and medication.

Foods Containing Simple Carbohydrates

Simple carbohydrate foods are a good source of quick energy as well as providing beneficial nutrients for diabetics. These foods include:

  • All fruits and fruit juice
  • Pasta made with enriched white flour
  • Honey
  • Milk
  • Yogurt
  • Vegetables

Starchy foods that should be included in carbohydrates and diabetes diet are complex carbohydrates that contain necessary fiber. These include:

  • Whole grains
  • Oatmeal
  • Brown rice
  • Whole wheat pasta
  • Kidney beans
  • Corn
  • Broccoli
  • Chick peas

When a Type 1 diabetic consumes low amounts of carbohydrate-rich foods, they need less insulin. Correspondingly, the less carbohydrate-rich food a Type 2 diabetic eats, the less stress the pancreas experiences. Diabetic patients who are insulin dependent will only need 1/2 to 1/3 the amount of normal insulin requirements when regulating the amount of carbs they eat.Blood sugar levels also remain moderated even when insulin injections or oral glucose-control medication consumption is decreased.

Added benefits of a low-carb diet also include:

  • Help in preventing obesity.
  • Reduced levels of LDL cholesterol and promotion of HDL cholesterol.
  • Reduced risk of losing the ability to produce insulin, in those suffering from Type 2 diabetes.
  • Optimized control of blood sugar levels, including levels found after eating.

Fiber, Carbohydrates and Diabetes

Carbohydrates and DiabetesIn addition to enhancing digestive processes and binding to cholesterol to help lower lipid levels, fiber effectively inhibits absorption of sugar, which improves regulation of blood sugar. Everyone, including diabetics, should try to consume around 25 to 30 fiber grams each day.

Fiber, considered a kind of carbohydrate, is not broken down the same way as carbohydrates, and thus does not affect glucose levels. However, many foods providing fiber, such as fruits, whole grains and vegetables, also have significant amounts of starches and sugars. This means the diabetic diet must take foods containing fiber into account.

Soluble fiber is the best kind of fiber for a diabetic to eat because it can reduce cholesterol and moderate blood glucose. Foods containing soluble fiber include oatmeal, brown rice, peas and potatoes.

Popular diets involving carbohydrates and diabetes menu plans are the Atkins Diet for Type 2 Diabetics and the South Beach Diet and Diabetes Program. The programs are similar, in that they promote weight loss by restricting saturated fats and promoting healthy carbohydrates for glucose control and overall enhancement of health.

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